“Scientists had warned that the variants- and in particular B.1.1.7- might lead to 4th wave in the US and that the already strained health care system might buckle”

-medical researchers

Spreading around the world since November 2019, coronavirus causes severe health and respiratory problems. However, the ever-changing and newly evolving strains of coronavirus make it more challenging to treat. Technically, viruses are nonliving organisms that replicate and grow in the host’s body. Viruses can evolve and transform to thrive in the environment. For instance, coronavirus changes to resist the treatment or survive in extreme environments. Aerosols refer to the minute droplets or particles occurring while sneezing or coughing. These particles are the main cause of SARS-CoV-2. 

About Coronavirus

An infected person’s cough, sneeze, or breath is the cause of infection. Coronavirus affects the respiratory tract of people thereby causing breathing problems and dry cough. It can also cause inflation of the lungs making it difficult to breathe. In addition, it weakens the immunological system of the infected person. 

The general signs and symptoms associated with the various variants of coronavirus include 

  • High fever and chills 
  • Severe headaches, muscle aches, and pains
  • Dry cough 
  • Trouble in respiration and shortness of breath 
  • Diarrhea 
  • Sore throat 
  • Feeling of pressure in the chest area or chest pain
  • Extreme fatigue or tiredness 
  • Vomiting or nausea 
  • Skin discoloration 

The Food and Drug Administration has authorized covid-19 vaccinations that help in reducing the severity of infection. In addition, they help in decreasing the risk of hospitalization and death. 

Various Variants Of Coronavirus 

 Delta- B.1.617.2

First identified in India, it is one of the fastest spreading variants in the United States. It is highly contagious. It can cause serious problems in unvaccinated people such as illness, respiratory problems, and death. The primary symptoms associated with the Delta variant include chills, sore throat, headache, and runny nose. Along with vaccinations, wearing masks is one of the most essential preventive measures to avoid the spread of delta variants. In addition, it is essential to maintain public hygiene and practice social distancing. Monoclonal antibody treatments and Covid vaccinations are effective for fighting delta coronavirus variants. In this therapy, laboratory-prepared antibodies are made and given to the patient. 

 Alpha- B.1.1.7

The Alpha coronavirus was first identified in the United Kingdom. It causes severe illness among the infected people. This strain of covid-19 spreads more quickly compared to the delta variant. High fever, severe headaches, loss of appetite, and body aches are the main symptoms associated with this variant. In addition, the Alpha variant leads to an elevated risk of hospitalization and death. So, according to the vaccine manufacturing companies, all the Vaccines produced are effective against Alpha variants. 

 Beta- B.1.351 

This variant was first identified in South Africa. It has more than a 50% transmission rate compared to other Covid-19 variants. It decreases the efficacy of monoclonal antibody medications used for treating coronavirus. 

 Gamma- P.1

The gamma variant of coronavirus was first identified in Japan and Brazil. It does not cause severe illness or death compared to other variants. Just like the beta variant, it also reduces the effectiveness of monoclonal antibody medications used for treating coronavirus. 

Ensure taking necessary precautions 

All the people in the world have been fighting against coronavirus for a long time. Therefore, always take necessary precautions. It is essential to regularly disinfect the hands with alcohol-based hand rub or hand sanitizers. Wear face masks to prevent infection. In addition, cover your nose and mouth while coughing or sneezing. So, the coronavirus leads to the weakening of the immunological system of the infected person. It is also advised to refrain from smoking as it harms the respiratory system.

If a person suspects having coronavirus, they must get tested immediately. Furthermore, avoid going to crowded or poorly ventilated places. Vaccines are the sword for fighting covid-19. The approved vaccines are safe and effective thereby helping in reducing the severity of infection and risk of death. Avoid miscommunication and misconceptions about vaccines. Only rely on official sources, pages, and news for vaccines updates. Moreover, it is advised that unvaccinated people and children follow strict preventive measures and hygiene precautions.