Life after giving birth to a child can be extremely difficult and challenging. Women may experience various changes in the physical and emotional aspects of their bodies and mind. Many women experience discharge of blood up to eight weeks post the delivery of the child. Other symptoms after childbirth can be swelling in breaststroke, pain in the uterus, constant discharge, and abnormal urinal control.
Here’s a list of changes women experience post-pregnancy.
Post-pregnancy, women may feel the opening, loosening, and swollen vagina. Type of child delivery, vaginal size, weight and size of the fetus, genetic factors, etc are some of the factors that determine vaginal changes. After the delivery of the child, the vagina may feel drier than before as levels of estrogen decrease. Therefore, for problems of dryness, pharmaceutical lubricants are advised to be applied in intimate areas. Within a period of six to eight weeks, women may feel pain or soreness in the vagina. Keeping the perineal area clean can help in relieving vaginal pain. Furthermore, women may also feel vaginal pain during sexual intercourse post-pregnancy.
Urinary Incontinence post-pregnancy
Involuntary loss of urine is known as uterine incontinence. After the delivery of a child, women experience changes in the urethra, uterus, and urinary bladder. Pregnancy causes damage to the nerves of the uterine bladder and the weakening of the urinary muscles. As the urinary bladder is overactive post pregnancy, women tend to experience uterine incontinence. These changes occur due to pressure on the bladder sphincter that controls the flow of urine. Studies have shown that women undergoing c-sections face more difficulty managing this than those experiencing normal delivery. Medications and pelvic exercises can help in managing abnormal urine flow.
It refers to swelling of veins inside the rectum and anus that may lead to swelling, itching, and bleeding spring bowel movements. The appearance of blood clots in feces is known as a thrombosed hemorrhoid. Furthermore, drinking plenty of water, taking warm baths, using ice packs to reduce the swelling, and consuming dietary fiber can help in getting rid of this post-pregnancy.
Change in the Shoe size
According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (ACOG), the shoe size of women changes posts pregnancy. This is due to the gain in 30 to 35 lbs weight that makes the foot’s arch flat in women. Change in shoe size post-pregnancy is because of hormonal changes. At the time of childbirth, a hormone called relaxin is produced by the placenta, corpus luteum, and uterus. Relaxin activates collagenase that relaxes the ligaments and bones in the pelvis and widens the cervix to facilitate easy expulsion of the baby through the birth canal. This hormone affects the ligaments of feet making the feet spread out permanently. Hence, changing the shoe size forever.
Dental Problems Post Pregnancy
Women may experience dental problems post-pregnancy as the levels of calcium decrease after the delivery of a child. Women may experience acid erosion of teeth due to morning sickness. Elevated hormone levels in women may lead to gum diseases. After the delivery of a baby, mothers consume more sugar than earlier, which may damage the oral cavity. Limiting the intake of sugary snacks and food items can help in decreasing the chances of tooth decay. It is also essential for new mothers to consume a diet rich in calcium post-pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Sagging Breasts After Childbirth
Cooper’s ligaments in women break support and lift the breasts. Dropping or deflation of the breast is medically known as breast ptosis. After pregnancy, the breaststroke of women may appear droopy and deflated due to loss of skin and elasticity. Therefore, body mass index (BMI), changes in body weight, age, smoking, genetic factor, and gravity are some of the factors that influence sagging breasts.
Appearance Of Stretch Marks Post Pregnancy
As the body grows, elastic fibers underneath the skin surface break and result in the appearance of stretch marks. The appearance of stretch marks on the womb, thighs, buttocks, breaks, and upper arms very common post-pregnancy in women. Furthermore, cosmetic procedures, micro-needling, and laser therapy are some of the clinical methods to remove stretch marks.
Bringing a life into the world can be a stunning yet challenging task. Women experience a lot of changes after the delivery of a child. Such as a change in shoe size, changes in body weight, dental issues, vaginal changes, and breast-related changes. Along with stretch marks on the womb, thighs, arms, and hair growth. Drinking plenty of water, taking warm baths, and consuming dietary fiber are hence some of the measures that may help in reducing the pain and irritation post-childbirth.