There are some reactions after taking vaccines of covid. These reactions are known as a covid arm. Soreness and swelling are the common reactions at the site of injection. Sometimes common symptoms are common itchy rashes, redness in the area, and some other symptoms. The covid arm is uncomfortable but it is rare and harmless. It occurs around 1 or 2 weeks after the first or second shot of vaccination.
The covid arm is mostly caused by the Moderna vaccine. The covid arm reaction is short-lived and can be treated easily.
Symptoms of covid arm
It is a harmless reaction that is caused due to the modern vaccine. It is found that the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine can also cause covid arm. So, covid arm is a hypersensitivity skin reaction that takes place on or around the injection site. Symptoms of the covid arm may occur around 1 or 2 weeks after the first and second shots of vaccines. Some common symptoms are-
- Intense itching
- A red-colored rash that may vary in size
- The rashes may spread on your hands or fingers
- Skin feels warm to the touch
- Hard lump on the site of injection
This reaction is not rare and not very dangerous at all. If you are listening about it, there is no need to get panic It is a harmless infection. There is a very few
Causes of Covid arm
It is an immune system reaction. Your immune cells respond to the muscle cells that absorbed the vaccine. The immune system thinks of infection to the proteins produced by the vaccines. It is still unknown that exactly what mechanism triggers the covid arm reaction. This reaction and many other reactions are still studying.
How long does it last?
The symptoms occur from 3 to 5 days. It is not a life-threatening condition or serious allergic reaction.
Treatment of covid arm will not reduce your immune system’s response. The covid arm will also not stop you from getting your second shot. In some cases, your doctor or vaccination provider may recommend you alternate arms if you had a severe skin reaction. Even it can be uncomfortable and not serious at all. Many home treatments are there to reduce pain, swelling, and itching.
- Cold compresses
- Topical steroids
- Topical medications
- Oral antihistamines
- Acetaminophen such as ibuprofen
Should you be worried about the covid arm?
The covid arm usually takes place for some time and not serious reactions. Usually, there are rashes on the area of injection and sometimes the injected arm becomes warm. The immune system which is making the antibodies will ramp things up to clear the virus. On the other hand, your immunity is trying to destroy the virus. This is the battle here. That is why the covid vaccines are important and valuable to every person. Hence, there is no need to worry about the covid arm.
Covid arm is a minor reaction that will disappear within a few days. The vaccine is highly recommended for covid- 19 as it is a life-threatening condition. If you are thinking about the covid arm remember the protective benefits of the covid – 19 vaccines rather than the risk associated with covid arm reaction. It is also important to consult with your doctor about the side effects of the vaccines and the treatment for the same.
The bottom line
It is a hypersensitivity skin reaction that occurs mainly from the Moderna vaccine. The main symptoms are itching, pain, and swelling. It is a rare reaction and not so serious and can be caused by not only the covid vaccine but many vaccines also. If you want to consult your doctor about the covid arm then it is fine. Ask him/her and get information about it. But, there is no need to worry about the covid arm, and you should take the vaccine of covid.
To conclude, the covid arm is the skin reaction that can be caused after the vaccination at the site of injection. Soreness, swelling, pain, and itchiness are the most common symptoms of the covid arm. Due to which itchy rashes, redness on the area, and many other symptoms are visible. The symptoms for the covid arm may start from three to five days after the vaccine and can last up to one or two weeks. This is a rare reaction of the skin and not so serious. There is no specific treatment for the reaction but you can treat it with some home remedies like you can compress ice in the rashes. It will provide relief from the redness. You can also put some steroid tubes on the affected area and can use some medicines also. So, you should take the vaccine.
Caffeine is a tasteless natural stimulant found in tea, coffee, and cacao plants. It stimulates the Central Nervous System (CNS) and the brain. It travels from the gut to the bloodstream and is broken into simpler substances in the liver. Adenosine is a neurotransmitter that is responsible for tiredness making a person sleepy. Caffeine blocks the function of adenosine and helps an individual to stay awake. In addition, it increases the activity of other neurotransmitters such as dopamine. Espresso, coffee, energy drinks, brewed tea, yerba mate, and certain soft drinks contain varying amounts of caffeine.
Benefits Of Caffeine Consumption
- Caffeine blocks the function of adenosine. Therefore, there is an overall increase in the amount of dopamine and norepinephrine which uplift the mood of an individual.
- Coffee is one of the major sources of caffeine. Research shows that drinking coffee helps in reducing the risk of liver damage and premature death.
- Studies indicate that caffeine consumption helps in the prevention of gout in men and women.
- Furthermore, caffeine increases metabolism and enhances exercise performance. It improves muscle tolerance and contraction.
- Caffeine is a natural stimulant that protects against type 2 diabetes, heart diseases, stroke, and Parkinson’s disease.
Harmful Effects Of Caffeine
- Caffeine stimulates the release of norepinephrine and dopamine that can elevate the energy levels in an individual. As the dose of caffeine will increase, the person may suffer from severe anxiety and nervousness.
- Excess caffeine consumption causes addiction causing physical or psychological dependence. Furthermore, addiction is accompanied by withdrawal symptoms. These include severe headaches, fatigue, irritability, aggression, and trouble concentration without caffeine.
- Most people drink coffee to stay awake and work more productively. However, excessive amounts of caffeine can cause insomnia and sleep deprivation.
- Caffeine can cause Rhabdomyolysis. It is a chronic condition wherein damaged muscle fibers enter the blood causing severe problems.
What Needs To Be Taken Care Of
According to the United States Department of Agriculture and European Food Safety Authority, two to four cups of coffee are safe. Generally, the recommended daily intake is 400 mg of caffeine. However, the dose is only 200 mg for pregnant women as caffeine can cause severe complications during pregnancy. Caffeine is a naturally occurring helpful stimulant. But its excess amount can lead to physical and psychological health problems. To sum up, recommended and moderate amounts of caffeine are not unhealthy.
To conclude, caffeine is a tasteless natural stimulant found in tea, coffee, and cacao plants. It stimulates CNS and the brain. It lacks nutritional value. Espresso, coffee, energy drinks, brewed tea, yerba mate, and certain soft drinks contain varying amounts of caffeine. It blocks the function of adenosine and helps an individual to stay awake, elevates brain functioning, and uplifts mood. The ill withdrawal effects of caffeine include headache, fatigue, low energy, irritability, aggression, anxiety, poor concentration, depression. However, moderate amounts of caffeine do not cause any harmful effects. In addition, genetic factors and lifestyle choices also influence the caffeine effects on an individual’s health. So, moderate amounts of caffeine are not unhealthy.
What is vertigo?
It is a condition of hallucination of environment or self-movement. We can say the common word dizziness for different feelings of such a condition. Maybe you are very familiar with the condition of dizziness yet difficult to describe. This condition is may be noticeable and so severe that it becomes very difficult to balance yourself and do any task. Vertigo attacks can develop suddenly and can last for much longer or for few seconds.
Types of Vertigo
There are two main types of vertigo.
Peripheral Vertigo- In peripheral vertigo, there is a problem in the inner ear or the vestibular nerve, which connects the inner ear and the brain due to which peripheral vertigo is caused.
Central Vertigo- This condition happens when there is a glitch in the cerebellum.
Vertigo is a symptom itself but it can lead to occur many other symptoms.
Symptoms of peripheral vertigo
- The problem is balancing the body
- A sense of motion sickness
- Ringing in the ear (tinnitus)
- Also, a feeling of fullness in the ear
- In addition, a problem in concentrating
Symptoms of central vertigo
- Double Vision
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Facial paralysis
- Eyes move uncontrollably or difficulty in movement of eyes (nystagmus)
- Slurred speech
- Weak limbs
Causes of vertigo
Either an imbalance in the inner ear or a problem with the CNS (CEntral nervous system) can lead to Vertigo. Here are some other conditions which may lead to vertigo.
Labyrinthitis- When an infection causes inflammation in the inner ear Labyrinth, a disorder happens called labyrinthitis. Apart from dizziness, a person with labyrinthitis may experience hearing loss, headaches, ear pain, and vision changes.
Vestibular neuritis- Inflammation of vestibular nerve is called vestibular neuritis. It is similar to labyrinthitis but does not affect hearing. Other symptoms include blurred vision, severe nausea, or a feeling of being off-balance.
Cholesteatoma- This is a noncancerous skin growth that develops in the middle ear, usually due to repeated infection. As it grows rapidly it can damage the middle ear’s bony structure, which leads to hearing loss or dizziness.
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)- There are some organs present in the inner ear called otolith organs which contain fluid and particles of crystals of calcium carbonate. These crystals become dislodged and fall into the semicircular canals in BPPV. Due to the fall crystals touch sensory hair cells of the semicircular canals during movement. Because of this brain receives inaccurate information about a person’s position and dizziness occurs.
Other factors- Rather than these all factors vertigo occurs with some other factors also such as-
- Migraine headaches
- A head injury
- Ear surgery
- Ataxia, due to which muscle becomes weak
- Cerebellar or brain stem disease
- Also, multiple sclerosis
If your doctor may immediately order an MRI or CT Scan If he or she suspects a stroke, is older, or has dizziness to the head. During this, your doctor will check how you are walking, maintaining your balance, and how the nerves of your Central Nervous System are working.
The doctor may also prescribe a hearing and balance test for such as
Eye movement testing- In this test when you are watching a moving object your doctor will observe the path of your eyes. You may have to give an eye motion test in which water or air is placed in your ear canal.
Head movement testing- Your doctor will do a simple head movement test called the Dix-Heelpike maneuver to verify the diagnosis of paroxysmal positional vertigo.
Posturography- So, in this test, you have to stand with your bare feet on the platform and have to keep your balance under different conditions. This test will also ensure you doctor about Which part of your balance system is giving you problems.
Rotary Chair testing- In this test, you have to sit in a computer-controlled chair that moves in 360 direction very slowly.
Water pills- Water pills are prescribed by your doctor if you have Meniere’s disease. Additionally to this low salt diet helps you to reduce dizziness.
Medications that relieve dizziness and nausea- Many drugs are prescribed by your doctor to provide immediate relief from vertigo, dizziness, and nausea. Many of these drugs cause drowsiness.
Preventive medicine for migraine- Many medicines are prescribed to prevent migraine attacks.
Balance Therapy- In this therapy, you have to learn many exercises to make your balance and system less sensitive to motion.
Psychotherapy- This therapy helps those people whose dizziness is caused by anxiety disorders.
Injections- So, your doctor injects antibiotic gentamicin into your inner ear to disable the balance function.
Removal of the inner ear sense organ- In this type of surgical method, it disables the vestibular labyrinth in the affected ear.
Dizziness is a very common complaint and is related to many diseases. It is a sensation of spinning of environment or oneself. True vertigo is a rotary sensation of the patient or the surrounding. Vertigo may also result in severe damage to the ear or disease related to the Central nervous system. So, the signs and symptoms of vertigo include lightheadedness, a sense of motion sickness, nausea, vomiting, ringing in the ear (tinnitus), a feeling of fullness in the ear, headaches, and sweating. However, most causes of vertigo are non-life-threatening and peripheral.
Gluten is a naturally occurring protein that binds the food particles together. It gives a stretchy effect to grains such as wheat, wheat berries, barley, rye, etc. However, gluten is one of the major causes of health problems for people suffering from celiac disease and wheat allergy. According to the FDA, gluten-free items contain under 20cppm of gluten.
Why Gluten Is Not Good For Health?
Celiac Disease (Gluten Sensitivity)
It is also known as gluten-sensitivity enteropathy (GSE). People with celiac disease suffer from the problems of ingestion of gluten that irritates the gastrointestinal tract. Gluten-sensitive people can show the symptoms of headaches, brain fog, joint pain, and numbness. Researchers suggest that 0.5 to 13% of people have gluten sensitivity. It can also cause complications such as anemia, deficiency of nutrients, weight loss, multiple sclerosis, neurological problems, and osteoporosis.
People with wheat allergies show severe symptoms after gluten consumption. It occurs during the presence of proteins such as gluten, albumin, gliadin, and globulin. The signs and symptoms of wheat allergy include nasal congestion, hives, swelling, vomiting, diarrhea, and headache. These symptoms arise within an hour after wheat consumption. Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening condition due to wheat allergy. It can lead to blue skin, swelling in the throat, severe breathing problems, trouble in swallowing, and dizziness.
It is a chronic skin rash that arises post the consumption of gluten. Moreover, Dermatitis herpetiformis is an autoimmune response seen in people having celiac disease.
Advantages Of Gluten-Free Food Items
Alternatives to gluten help to reduce the symptoms of
- Gastrointestinal problems such as constipation, abdominal pain, and gas
- Anemia (Iron-deficiency)
- Dermatitis herpetiformis (chronic itchy skin rash)
- Mood disorders (anxiety, stress, depression)
- Osteoporosis and osteopenia
- Infertility and reproductive health problems
Gluten-Free Food Items
- Rice, potato, cassava, corn, beans, buckwheat groats, amaranth, chicken, yucca, and nut flours are some of the naturally gluten-free food items that are rich in starch.
- Sorghum is a good alternative for gluten-free grain containing antioxidants, fiber, and protein. It helps to lower the risk of chronic diseases and reduces oxidative stress.
- Corn or maize is another gluten-free cereal grain rich in carotenoids, antioxidants, vitamin B6, and fiber.
- Almond flour is a gluten-free flour rich in magnesium, calcium, monounsaturated fat, manganese, potassium, and vitamin E.
- Another gluten alternative is teff flour. It is rich in protein and fiber and helps to manage high blood pressure and obesity.
To sum up, gluten is a naturally occurring protein that binds the food particles together. However, it causes severe health problems especially to people having celiac disease or wheat allergy. Therefore, it’s essential to opt for gluten alternatives. People with celiac disease suffer from the problems of ingestion of gluten that irritate the gastrointestinal tract. They show the symptoms of headaches, brain fog, joint pain, and numbness. In addition, people with wheat allergy show severe symptoms after gluten consumption such as nasal congestion, hives, swelling, vomiting, diarrhea, and headache. Also, dermatitis herpetiformis is an autoimmune response (itchy skin rash) seen in people suffering from celiac disease. So, sorghum, rice, potato, cassava, corn, beans, buckwheat groats, almond flour, teff flour, arrowroot flour, yucca, and nut flours are the naturally gluten-free food items. Furthermore, these items are rich in starch, protein, fiber, various nutrients, and antioxidants.
ADHD is the abbreviation for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. It’s a psychological disorder that causes impulsive and hyperactive behaviors in affected individuals. Therefore, it’s essential to resolve the problems of ADHD in the childhood of the affected kids to nullify negative and inappropriate behaviors.
Research suggests that a decrease in the levels of dopamine leads to ADHD. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter required in emotional response and movement. In addition, changes in the structure of the brain also lead to ADHD. Also, reduction in the gray matter can affect speech, decision-making, and muscle control. ADHD is not a learning disorder instead it is a mental health disease.
Symptoms Of ADHD
The signs and symptoms of ADHD are divided as follows:
- Hyperactivity and impulsivity
Symptoms Of Inattention (unable to concentrate)
An ADHD child displays symptoms of inattention. Such children show the following signs.
- Trouble to concentrate on tasks and activities
- Completely ignoring the speaker
- Unable to pay attention to the details in required activities or school work
- Distracted easily
- Avoid tasks that require attention and concentration
- Unable to follow instructions
- Early side-tracked
Symptoms Of Hyperactivity And Impulsive Behavior (unable to rest)
In addition, an ADHD child can also display signs and symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity.
- Talking excessively
- Difficult and impulsive behavior while waiting for their turn
- Interrupting others constantly
- Unable to sit quietly
- Running or climbing in inappropriate situations
- Fidgeting, tapping, squirming in their seats
- Sudden outbursts of anger
Symptoms Of ADHD In Adults
- Anxiety and depression
- Lack of concentration during work
- Substance abuse or addiction
- Increased alcohol consumption
- Problems in maintaining relationships
- Unorganized work
Treatment Options For ADHD
There’s no direct cure for ADHD. However, various options are available to manage the brain and behavior of affected children and adults. So, the treatment methods depend on the age and severity of the disease.
Various stimulant and non-stimulant medications are used to cure ADHD. Stimulant medications help by increasing the dopamine and norepinephrine chemicals in the body. They help to increase the concentration levels of children and make them attentive. If stimulant medications don’t work, non-stimulants are given to the patients. They help in dealing with memory, concentration, and attention. However, stimulant and non-stimulant medications can cause side effects such as
- Headache, weight loss, digestion problems, nervousness, irritation, and dry mouth are some of the side effects.
- Stimulants can cause an elevation in blood pressure, allergic reactions, and hallucinations.
- Non-stimulants can cause seizures and social thoughts.
Therapeutic Treatment Options
It’s a treatment option to cure individuals affected by ADHD. So, psychotherapy helps the children to manage their behavior with peers and authority figures.
Social Skill Training
Another technique that helps treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is social skill training. The behaviors such as sharing things (stationery items or toys), asking for help, and waiting for a turn are addressed with this treatment.
Parents are given special training to understand and manage the irrational behavior of their children. A therapist may ask them to give immediate rewards for appropriate or desirable behaviors. In addition, stress management techniques and timeout methods are taught to the parents.
Parenting Tips To Manage ADHD Children
Manage the behavior of the child by negative and positive reinforcement methods. Reward and encourage the desirable and appropriate behavior and punish the bad or inappropriate behaviors. Furthermore, parents need to manage the aggression and disruptive behaviors of ADHD children by using ‘Time-out’. So, it helps to calm the overactive child decisively. It can be easy to prepare a structural plan of daily tasks and activities required to be accomplished. Also, give proper breaks and nutritious food to your child. Parents must ensure that ADHD children spend less time with electronic gadgets. Encouraging exercising can help to reduce impulsive behaviors. In addition, exercises are a great way to boost concentration and blood circulation. Furthermore, regular exercise can help to fight anxiety and stress.
To conclude, ADHD is the abbreviation for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The decrease in the levels of dopamine leads to ADHD. In addition, changes in the structure of the brain also lead to ADHD. Reduction in the gray matter can affect speech, decision-making, and muscle control. ADHD is not a learning disorder rather a mental health disease. Therefore, the signs and symptoms of ADHD are divided into three categories- inattention, hyperactivity & impulsivity, and combined. ADHD causes nxiety, depression, low self-esteem, procrastination, frustration, trouble in managing the relationship, forgetting things, not respecting deadlines, and mood swings. Hence, various stimulant and non-stimulant medications help to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. So, such medicines increase the dopamine and norepinephrine chemicals in the body to manage the brain and behavior. In addition, various treatments are also available such as psychotherapy, social skill training, and group sessions.
What is Alzheimer’s?
Alzheimer’s disease is a neurological condition that causes the brain to shrink and brain cells to die that causes problems with thinking, behavior, and ability to perform every day’s task. It is associated with a build-up of certain proteins and chemicals in the brain. Alzheimer’s disease affects the most important parts of the brain that control thought, memory, and language. Also, it seriously affects a person’s ability of daily tasks.
Causes of Alzheimer’s Disease
- It causes atrophy of the posterior part of the brain.
- Also, abnormal deposits of proteins that damages and destroys brain cells.
Factors that increase the risk of developing the conditions are
- Family history and genetics
- Down syndrome
- Head injuries
- Past head trauma
- Mild cognitive impairment
Symptoms of Alzheimer
Signs and symptoms of Alzheimer’s vary from age to age and person to person. Symptoms of Alzheimer’s may be mild at an early age but get worse in old age. Alzheimer’s disease progress in several stages- mild stage, moderate stage, and last stage.
Mild Stage- In the mild stage of Alzheimer’s a person seems to be healthy but has more and more trouble making sense of the world. A person started realizing that something is wrong around his / her. Some common symptoms are-
- Memory loss
- Poor judgment leading to bad decisions
- In addition, taking time to complete normal daily task
- Repeating questions
- Also, trouble to handle money and paying bills
- Losing and misplacing things
- Mood and personality changes
- Plus, increased anxiety or aggression
Moderate Stage- More intensive supervision and care are necessary for this stage, which is difficult for some families. Symptoms may include-
- Confusion and memory loss increased
- In addition, difficulty with language. A person may feel problems in reading, writing, and working with numbers.
- Difficulty in organizing thoughts and thinking logically.
- Problems coping with new situations.
- The problem is in recognizing family members and friends.
- Hallucinations and delusions.
- Inappropriate bursting of anger.
- Repetitive statements or movements, occasional muscle twitches.
Last Stage- People with severe Alzheimer’s lose their ability to communicate with others and depend on others for their care. So the symptoms may include-
- Inability to communicate properly
- Also, Seizures
- Skin Infections
- Difficulty in Swallowing
- In addition, groaning, moaning and grunting
- Loss of bowel and bladder control
Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease
Physical Examination- Reflexes, ability to get up from the chair and walk across the room, muscle tone, and strength are checked for the patients.
Neurological Examination- So, in this check for the sense of sight and hearing, coordination and balance have to be done.
Complete blood count (CBC)- In addition, this test includes liver functions, folate test, Vitamin B12 concentration, electrolyte, and blood glucose levels, thyroid functions test, and HIV tests.
CT Scan- The severity of brain degeneration is checked by CT Scan.
MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging)- It provides more detailed aspects of the brain like the presence of tumor or nerve damage etc.
EEG- Also helps to find abnormal brain wave activity.
PET ( Positron emission tomography )- This test identifies proteins that are associated with Alzheimer’s disease.
Treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease
Treatment includes focusing on maintaining the mental functions, behavioral changes, and slow or delay the disease progression.
Medication- AChE inhibitors are the drug that compensates for the death of cholinergic neurons. So, they make relieve themselves by inhibiting ACh and restoring their synaptic levels.
- Adapting the situations to the need of an Alzheimer’s patient plays a very important role in the treatment plan.
- Create a safe and supportive environment.
- Keys, wallets, mobile phones, and other valuable things should be placed at the same place at home.
- Use a calendar, whiteboard to schedule the daily tasks.
- Exercise and a healthy diet.
- Helping people maintain brain health.
Specialist to consult- The family of the patient should consult a Neurologist, Psychiatrist, Psychologist for the better treatment and recovery of the patients.
Preventions of Alzheimer’s Disease
Manage your numbers- One should be updated with the checkups of his / her blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol. In a study, it is shown that these three factors are responsible for Alzheimer’s.
Check your weight- If you are losing weight regularly, you should consult a doctor. Also, a study found that obesity can change the brain in a way that raises the chances of Alzheimer’s.
Exercise regularly- Exercise is effective not only for Alzheimer’s but it helps to cure many diseases as well. So, it plays a very important role in Alzheimer’s disease also.
Challenge your mind- You should challenge your mind with new challenges every day. That will help in retaining the memory and it is also a good exercise for the brain.
Don’t Smoke- Quit smoking. Avoid all forms of tobacco.
Healthy Diet- Fruits and green vegetables should be added to the diet as they are rich in fiber and are considered in a good diet itself. Also, limit saturated fat, added sugars, carbs, sodium, and alcohol.
Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive, degenerative disorder and is also known as an incurable disease. To conclude, there is a hope that early diagnosis, knowledge about the disease stages with support of the family and the patient, effective symptomatic drugs will have a great impact on the number of persons affected in the future, and the quality of life. In addition, the knowledge about the disease is not only helpful for the affected people but their caretakers also. So, taking high doses of vitamins as treatment can be deadly and can interfere with other medications negatively. Also, the family members of the patient must be patient.
We can call a long life a healthy life. A healthy life is considered as maintaining the body fit not only physically but mentally too. A person can acquire his/her long life by following a healthy lifestyle. A healthy lifestyle helps to keep and improve people’s health and wellbeing such as good nutrition, eating right, getting physically fit, beneficial exercise, adequate rest proper stress management.
Short life can be termed as an unhealthy life. An unhealthy lifestyle is defined as where a person gets addicted to some activities which are harmful to the health of a person such as smoking, drinking, intake of drugs, not exercising regularly, eating junk food a lot, and not maintaining a healthy weight.
Components of a healthy lifestyle
- Good Diet
- Physical Exercise
- Good sleeping pattern
- Personal hygiene
- No bad habits or addiction
- Health education
- Safe environment
- Physical Fitness
- Love through social support and healthy relationships
- Active social life
Impacts of lifestyle on health
Lifestyle is the characteristics of the habits a person is following. It also includes day-to-day behaviors and functions of an individual in job, activities, diet plans, exercise. Today life has been changed from the previous one. People do not have time to manage their diet and work. They also give their priority to their work in which they forget about their health. People in old age think about their healthy lifestyle hence they are strong physically and mentally also. We all should aim for long and healthy life. Variable of lifestyle that influences on health can be
Diet and Body mass index (BMI)
Diet is a vulnerable factor in one’s lifestyle and has a direct and positive relationship with the health of an individual. In addition, poor health and its effects like obesity is the most common problem of urban society. Today’s lifestyle leads to nutrition problems like using fat foods, junk foods, and poor foods which increases the rate of heart disease.
Exercise / Yoga
Exercise is the best solution for all problems related to health. If an individual includes yoga and exercise in his/her daily routine, he/she should fit physically and mentally also. Furthermore, continuous exercise along with the proper diet increases health.
It plays a major role in the healthy lifestyle of a person. Also, sleep disorders have a great impact on social, psychological, economical, and healthy lifestyles. So, a healthy person needs a sleep of at least 7 to 8 hours.
Normal sex relation is necessary to maintain a healthy life. Dysfunction of sex relations is the most common problem of today’s society and it affects the mental and physical health of an individual. Also, dysfunction in sex relations can cause family problems and STDs.
Application of modern technologies
Advance technologies facilitate the life of human beings. Misuse of technologies may lead to undesirable consequences. For example, the use of mobile phones and laptops till midnight can affect the sleep routine and it may disturb sleep. Addiction to using mobile phones take a person towards depression.
The study is the exercise of the soul. Involving studies in your normal lifestyle may lead to more physical and mental health.
Using medicines above the limit is considered an unhealthy lifestyle. Self-treatment, sharing medications, using medicines without a doctor’s prescription, prescribing too many drugs, unnecessary drugs are some of the unhealthy behaviors in using medications.
To conclude, maintaining healthy lifestyle behavior is complex and constantly under a challenge from external stressors. To prevent and manage lifestyle disorders adaptation of principles is an ideal option. Feeling pride in your accomplishment and taking care of your body can improve both your physical and mental health. There are a lot of things you can change in your life to improve your quality of life. 60% of factors that are related to one’s health and quality are correlated to lifestyle as per WHO. Millions of people are following unhealthy diets and encounter illness, disability, and even death also. In addition, if one is feeling unwell she/she should consult a doctor immediately. She/he should take medical checkups regularly at an interval of time. So, we can prevent ourselves by involving healthy habits like yoga and exercises in our daily routine.
Cancer is a condition that develops because of the abnormal division of cells that invade nearby areas and cause problems. The general symptoms of cancer include the development of a lump, abdominal pain, pain in the area, etc. 24/7 labs offer women’s cancer and tumor maker panels that comprise various tests to detect cancer. $349.00 to $429.00 is the total cost for the women’s cancer and tumor maker panel.
Various tests in women’s cancer and tumor maker panel
Complete Blood Count
The test accounts for determining all the components of blood cells such as red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets to evaluate the overall health of an individual. Abnormal results can indicate the presence of disorders such as anemia, bleeding disorders, blood-related infections, etc.
CMP 14 Test Chemistry Panel
This test comprises 14 tests used for measuring the amount and concentration of electrolytes such as sodium and potassium. In addition, these tests also help to measure glucose and protein levels in the blood. It helps to monitor the functioning of the liver and kidney.
AFP is the blood of people that can indicate the presence of cancer in men, women (non-pregnant women), and children. So, the AFP helps to identify testicular cancer, ovarian cancer, cancers of the stomach, pancreases, and liver.
Carcinoembryonic Antigen (CEA)
The test measures the concentration of CEA protein. CEA protein is found in people suffering from colon cancer, rectal cancer, pancreatic cancer, breast cancer, ovary cancer, and lung cancer.
Found in the human brain, neuron-specific enolase helps to assess human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells. So, this helps to treat focal cerebral ischemia and to study sinonasal teratocarcinosarcoma with rhabdoid features.
The test helps to find out the concentration of amylase enzymes through a blood sample or urine sample. Low amylase levels are found in blood and urine normally, however, if there is damage in the pancreas or salivary glands, the amylase enzyme concentration increases in the blood and urine.
CA 125 test helps to measure CA 125, elevation in its levels can indicate ovarian cancer. The uterine lining, oviducts, and the abdominal cavity produce CA 125 substances. It can be used to make tumor panels for ovarian cancer.
CA 15-3 test helps to measure the concentration of antigen 15-3. High levels of this substance can indicate breast cancer in females.
To conclude, 24/7 labs offer women’s cancer and tumor maker panels that comprise various tests to detect cancer. The complete blood count test accounts for determining all the cellular components of the blood. The CMP 14 chemistry panel test comprises 14 tests used for measuring the amount and concentration of electrolytes such as sodium and potassium. Carcinoembryonic Antigen (CEA) test measures the concentration of CEA protein found in patients suffering from colon cancer, rectal cancer, pancreatic cancer, breast cancer, ovary cancer, and lung cancer. Also, CA 15-3 test helps to measure the concentration of antigen 15-3. Furthermore, the amylase enzyme test helps to find the concentration of amylase enzymes through a blood sample or urine sample.
Semen analysis is the measure of the health and viability of sperms produced by males. The sperm count test is another name for semen analysis. Sperms are the male reproductive cells that fuse with the ovum and help in the formation of a human embryo that develops into a child. Through semen analysis, one can determine the number, shape, and motility of sperms.
Collection of the sample
Sperm count varies from one day to another and therefore American Association for Clinical Chemistry suggests conducting tests seven days or several months apart. Maturation, sex with a condom, or sex with withdrawal before ejaculation (coitus interrupts) helps in the collection of the semen sample. Semen samples need to be kept at body temperature. Too high or too low temperature can affect the results. Furthermore, the transportation of the semen sample must be within 30 to 60 minutes after it is collected.
Normal results of semen analysis
The shape, pH, volume, motility, number, appearance, and liquefaction are the parameters that determine the results of semen analysis. Abnormal results may indicate infertility, genetic defects, hormonal infection, diseases, or infection.
- The shape of 50 percent sperm must be normal. Abnormally shaped sperms of more than 50 percent indicate reduced fertility.
- More than 50 percent of sperms must have normal motility after ejaculation. Sperm motility is essential as sperms need to travel to the female reproductive tract for fertilization.
- The sample must have a pH between 7.2 to 7.8. pH higher than 8.0 indicates infection. However, a pH lower than 7.0 indicates blockage of ejaculatory ducts or contamination of the sample.
- The normal sperm count/ sperm density is between 20 million to 200 million. Less sperm count indicates difficulty in conceiving.
- Semen samples must take 15 to 30 minutes to liquefy or turn to a watery consistency. Increased liquefaction time indicates difficulty with fertility.
Importance of semen analysis
- Abnormal results of semen analysis may indicate infertility, genetic defects, hormonal infection, exposure to radiation, diseases, or infection.
- Infertility in males can be detected by the semen analysis. Hence, couples having problems conceiving should take semen analysis. It determines the reason for infertility such as sperm dysfunction or low sperm count.
- Vasectomy is a surgical procedure for birth control that involves permanent sealing the tubes that transport sperm. Men after a vasectomy should take semen analysis to ensure its success.
The sperm count test is another name for semen analysis. It helps to measure the health and viability of sperms produced by males. Maturation, sex with a condom, or sex with withdrawal before ejaculation (coitus interrupts) helps in the collection of the semen sample. Semen analysis helps in the detection of infertility, genetic defects, hormonal infection, exposure to radiation, diseases, or sperm dysfunction. That’s why couples having problems conceiving take semen analysis tests. In addition, men after a vasectomy should take semen analysis to ensure its success. A doctor may suggest additional tests such as genetic tests, urinalysis, or hormone tests after abnormal results of semen analysis.
What are hormones?
Hormones are chemicals regulatory substances produced by specialized glands and transported in the body fluids such as blood to control and regulate the activity of certain cells and organs. Specialized glands that secret these hormones are called endocrine glands. Hormones can create physiological and behavioral changes also in a human’s body. When the hormones are transported to the target site in another part of the organism, elicit a particular response.
Classification of hormones
Hormones are classified into three categories-
- Peptide hormones
- Steroid hormones
Peptide Hormones- Peptide hormones are the hormones that are made up of amino acids that are created by the endocrine system and distributed to target organs through fluids.
Steroid Hormones- The natural steroid hormones are naturally from cholesterol in the gonads and adrenal glands. In addition, steroids are chemicals that act as steroids hormones.
This condition occurs when there are too much or too few hormones in the blood. They play an important role in the human body that is why even small imbalances can cause side effects throughout the body.
Symptoms of Hormonal Imbalance
- Weight gain
- Muscle weakness
- Pain, stiffness, or swelling of joints
- Excessive sweating
- Increased sensitivity to cold or heat
- Decreased sex drive
- Nervousness, anxiety, or irritability
- Blurred vision
- Thinning hair or fine, brittle hair
- Dry skin
- Puffy face
- Rounded face
- Purple or pink stretch marks
Hormonal Imbalance Effects
Hormonal imbalance effects may get worse than anything else. Furthermore, they vary from age to age or from hormones to hormones. Here are some-
- Grave’s Disease
- Addison’s Disease
- Cushing’s Syndrome
In this condition, there is excessive secretion of growth hormones. The rate of growth of the body increases than the normal rate. Also, all the body tissues including bones grow rapidly.
This is a condition where growth hormone is excess even after adolescence i.e. 18 years. At this condition, the person doesn’t grow taller but he/she grows width-wise because the bone becomes thick and tissues are growing continuously.
The thyroid is a condition that is caused due to the hormonal imbalance of thyroid hormones. Here are two conditions of thyroid-
Hyperthyroidism- It is due to the excessive secretion of thyroid hormones T3 and T4. This excess secretion of thyroid hormone is due to thyroid Adenoma, Grave’s disease, and Nodular goitre.
Hypothyroidism- This condition is due to the decreased level or deficiency of thyroid hormone.
It is an autoimmune disorder in which the body produced antibodies that stimulate the growth of the thyroid gland and also the secretion of thyroid hormones.
It is the condition where the secretion of hormones decreased from the adrenal cortex due to atrophy of the cortices. So, this atrophy is caused by
- By tuberculosis
This is the condition where the secretion of hormones increased from the adrenal cortex. However, this condition is opposite to the above condition.
- Adenomas of the adrenal cortex.
- Abnormal functions of the hypothalamus.
- Secretion of ACTH by a tumor.
To sum up, hormones can be secreted from any glands that are a part of the body’s endocrine system. Also, each gland produces a set of specific hormones. Apart from knowing that hormones can be part of different chemical classes, it is also important to know the most important hormones by name and, of course, to know what functions they perform in the human body. Treatment for these conditions is possible in both men and women but may come with some level of side effects. In addition to the conventional treatment options, natural remedies can also help reduce the severity of such a condition and to treat it without having to opt for conventional therapies that may lead to unwanted adverse reactions.